COMBAI computational biology and artificial intelligence

Evolutionary trajectory and origin of SARS-CoV-2

(beta version)

This website for the project "Integrating Fréchet distance and AI reveals the evolutionary trajectory and origin of SARS-CoV-2 "
Journal of Medical Virology.2024 Mar;96(3):e29557.

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A genome, composed of a precisely ordered sequence of four nucleotides (ATCG), encompasses a multitude of specific genome features like AAA motif. Mutations occurring within a genome disrupt the sequential order and composition of these features, thereby influencing the evolutionary trajectories and yielding variants. The evolutionary relatedness between a variant and its ancestor can be estimated by assessing evolutionary distances across a spectrum of genome features. This study develops a novel, alignment‐free algorithm that considers both the sequential order and composition of genome features, enabling computation of the Fréchet distance (Fr) across multiple genome features to quantify the evolutionary status of a variant. Integrating this algorithm with an artificial recurrent neural network (RNN) reveals the quantitative evolutionary trajectory and origin of SARS‐CoV‐2, a puzzle unsolved by alignment‐based phylogenetics. The RNN generates the evolutionary trajectory from Fr data at two levels: genome sequence mutations and organism variants. At the genome sequence level, SARS‐CoV‐2 evolutionarily shortens its genome to enhance its infectious capacity. Mutating signature features, such as TTA and GCT, increases its infectious potential and drives its evolution. At the organism level, variants mutating a single biomarker possess low infectious potential. However, mutating multiple markers dramatically increases their infectious capacity, propelling the COVID‐19 pandemic. SARS‐CoV‐2 likely originates from mink coronavirus variants, with its origin trajectory traced as follows: mink, cat, tiger, mouse, hamster, dog, lion, gorilla, leopard, bat, and pangolin. Together, mutating multiple signature features and biomarkers delineates the evolutionary trajectory of mink‐origin SARS‐ CoV‐2, leading to the COVID‐19 pandemic.

The typical model

  • def myModel(train_x):
  •         mymodel = keras.Sequential()
    	mymodel.add(Bidirectional(LSTM(20, return_sequences=True), input_shape=(20, train_x.shape[-1])))
    	mymodel.add(Bidirectional(LSTM(40, return_sequences = True)))
    	mymodel.add(Bidirectional(LSTM(20, return_sequences=False)))
    	mymodel.compile(loss='mean_squared_error', optimizer='adam')
    	return mymodel


    Anyou Wang,Integrating Fréchet distance and AI reveals the evolutionary trajectory and origin of SARS‐ CoV‐2. J Med Virol. 2024;96:e29557. Full text Anyou Wang, Rong Hai,Paul J Rider and Qianchuan He. Noncoding RNAs and deep learning neural network discriminate multi-cancer types.Cancers 2022, 14(2), 352. Wang, A. & Hai, R. FINET: Fast Inferring NETwork. BMC Res Notes 13, 521 (2020).